As you read this, we are only a few days away the alumni conference. We are very much looking forward to seeing everyone and anticipate a wonderful meeting. We just completed our annual fall meetings and midstream reviews. The combination of short talks and poster sessions is a format that we now have been using for three years, and we are very pleased with it. The operating committee meeting followed on Wednesday. Both Aaron Raphel, the outgoing alumni operating committee representative, and Steve Cook, the incoming representative (along with several alumni representing their companies), were in attendance. The program wishes to thank Aaron for his dedication and service in this role.
As we start the process for internships and new partners for this year we want to let you know that we are always open to new companies that may want to sponsor internships. If you see a possibility at your company, please let us know.
I look forward to the conference!
Donald B. Rosenfield
Senior Lecturer, Sloan School of Management
Director, LGO Fellows Program
***The 2009 Alumni Conference will be held in October 8-9 in Portland, Oregon***
The 2009 LFM Alumni Conference is next week, please check the website, http://lgo.mit.edu/conf09 for the latest updates. Due to capacity constraints, please don't show up without registration. As every year, some spots may open up due to last moment cancellations. Please free to contact the Conference Planning Team (email@example.com) with any questions.
Alumni Conference Planning TeamTop
In keeping with our position at the leading edge of engineering and management, LGO is in constant pursuit of the newest technologies available to deliver greater value to the LGO community. On this note, we are have begun utilizing Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter as tools for uniting LGO program faculty, alumni, students, and partners - both current and prospective.
To become a fan of MIT LGO on Facebook, click http://www.facebook.com/pages/MIT-Leaders-for-Global-Operations/86447309685?ref=sgm. (If you're not already a member, it will walk you through the process of becoming one).
To follow us on Twitter, go to http://www.twitter.com/MITlgo.
To join our Linked In group, go to http://www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=2346031&trk=anetsrch_name&goback=.gdr_1254335580556_1.
We have also begun an LGO program blog at http://lgo-blog.mit.edu/. We are in search of guest authors, so let us know if you'd like to participate!
We look forward to connecting with you in many new ways!
Debra Woog McGinty
MIT Leaders for Global Operations Program
Director of Admissions and Career Development
Just a reminder! If you're interested in the job market, check out the LGO/SDM alumni careers group on Yahoo. For more information about how to sign up and how to post positions, go to:Top
First fall seminar! We are pleased to announce the first LGO/SDM alumni web seminar for Fall 2009! Steve Cook, COO at MFG.com, will be speaking on Friday, October 30, at 12:00 noon Eastern Time. More details to come!
Just a reminder: thanks to Jenny McFadden, LGO/SDM IT Director, we're now making podcasts of presentations available for people in the LGO/SDM community. You can get the podcasts on our past seminar site at:
Log-in for the past presentations, including the podcast versions, is:
To subscribe to the feed using iTunes, copy the feed URL: http://lgosdm.mit.edu/podcasts/protected/feed.xml. In iTunes, under Advanced, Subscribe to Podcast, paste the URL and click okay.
As always, to register for future events or to see upcoming seminars that are scheduled, go to:
1. Go to https://lgosdm.mit.edu/VCSS/web_seminars/webseminars.jsp
Projects profiled this month are from the LGO10 Midstream Review. This month we feature Energy and Sustainability. There is a collection of seven on-cycle internships that were presented. In addition, the students, faculty, and company representatives had a meeting facilitated by Professor Sarah Slaughter for further knowledge sharing. There will be a group presentation at Knowledge Review in January.
The projects (executive summaries at the end of the message) are being done across a range of companies and industries as shown in the table below:
|Angelo Capuzzi||Strategic Planning for LEED Certification||Intel Corporation|
|Ely Colon||C02 Price Impact on Dell's Supply Chain||Dell, Inc.|
|Jonathan Dreher||Evaluate Resource Conservation Technology - Recommendation for Improvements||The Boeing Company|
|David Follette||Energy Profile Pilot Project and Recommendations for Improvements||Raytheon Company|
|Cal Lankton||Smart Grid Technologies and Opportunities||ABB Limited|
|Michael Norelli||Development of Energy Management System||Raytheon Company|
|Jeremy Stewart||Increased Energy Efficiency in Building Systems||Raytheon Company|
If you have companies or areas of research you are interested in having highlighted in the monthly news please contact Ted Equi.Top
October 8 and 9, 2009
Annual LFM Alumni Conference
"Sustainability and the Global Operations Leader"
Presenters will cover the impact of new energy technologies, greening your supply chain, public policy, and other ways in which sustainability is changing operations management decision making. They include:
Conference website: http://lgo.mit.edu/conf09/index.php
October 20, 2009
SDM Information Evening
MIT Faculty Club
October 22-23, 2009
Annual SDM Conference
Annual SDM Conference: Systems Thinking for Contemporary Challenges
Speakers at the 2009 SDM conference, "Systems Thinking for Contemporary Challenges," will discuss best practices for applying systems thinking to some of the most pressing and complex challenges of our time – specifically healthcare, energy, and sustainability. As of this writing, they include the following:
Energy and the Environment:
December 2-3, 2009
MIT Global Operations Conference (Cambridge, MA)
New Visions for Global Operations: From product development through delivery and recycling
Complimentary registration for LGO and SDM partner companies
Thought leaders from MIT and industry will convene to discuss the latest ideas to design, develop, manufacture and distribute on a global basis. Sessions will cover topics from design through delivery and recycling, using a variety of examples from different industries. Speakers include:
A networking reception will follow the speaker presentations on December 2. This will include a poster session that highlights interdisciplinary research conducted by LGO students during their internships and by both LGO and SDM students for their theses.Top
LGO Student Program site: http://lgo.mit.edu
Log in to the Virtual Community for alumni information, to find other alumni, update your information, or find theses. If you have trouble getting in, contact firstname.lastname@example.org, or use the "forgot password" button. If the email address you submit is in our system, your username and password will be sent to you.
Jon Griffith, Operations and Partner IntegrationTop
Name: Angelo Capuzzi
Company: Intel CorporationSupervisor: Jennifer Brunette
Academic Advisors: Dan Whitney and Sara Beckman
Title: Strategic Planning for LEED Certification
Intel Corporation has recently implemented a green building policy which states that Intel will "design new facilities to a minimum LEED Silver Level by incorporating new green criteria into our standards, and minimizing costs by integrating best known methods and LEED early in programming." LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is a voluntary, consensus driven rating system that is used to distinguish high performance buildings that have less of an impact on the environment. LEED standards have typically only been applied to residential and commercial buildings, which presents a unique challenge for their implementation on a semiconductor facility.
The objective of the internship is to develop a planning strategy for the construction of a semiconductor facility with a goal of achieving a minimum LEED-Silver certification. This will be accomplished through the implementation of a "design charrette", an intensely focused workshop intended to build consensus among decision makers and integration among design disciplines. Planning for the design charrette will include the following:
An initial analysis of LEED credits indicates that Intel currently already practices much of the LEED criteria in its design and construction policies. The goal of the design charrette will be to further develop this analysis to determine the opportunities and risks associated with different options to achieve LEED certification. Once the opportunities and risks are known, different "scenarios" to LEED certification can be established. These scenarios represent different means to achieve LEED certification for a given level of risk.
Name: Ely X. Colón
Company: Dell, Inc.
Supervisor: Matt Davis, Global Supply Chain Strategy Consultant
Academic Advisors: Timothy G. Gutowski and Steve Graves
Title: CO2 Price Impact On Dell’s Supply Chain: A Framework for Carbon Footprint Economic Analysis
Problem Statement: Several "green" bills have been proposed for the United States and in June 2009 the Waxman-Markey bill was passed by the House. Restrictions, tariffs, and/or fees in the Waxman-Markey bill may have significant cost impact on supply chain operations. A CO2 cap-and-trade legislation is already in place in the E.U. since 2005 as part of the Kyoto Protocol agreement. A follow up to Kyoto Protocol will be taking place at the end of this year 2009 at Copenhagen, Denmark. Many companies and industries will be affected by these policies and protocols directly or indirectly.
Project Scope: The principal scope of this project is to design, analyze and report a case study of how and what costs to account and allocate to Dell’s products and supply chain in a highly likely scenario of CO2 price policy (cap-and-trade or tax). Dell will use the cost implications of total carbon footprint for the supply chain in strategic design of manufacturing and fulfillment networks.
Proposed Solution: A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) will be performed on Dell’s top supply chains and products. A set of recommendations and parameter to take into account when designing supply chain networks will be provided. The final result ranges will be presented with the following final units: kg-CO2/product and $CO2/product.
Progress to Date: From these preliminary CO2 footprint results we can determine an approximated $CO2/NB per notebook. This is assuming 0% free allowance and full implementation in the U.S, E.U. and China. A sensitivity analysis will be included in order to account for the relatively high variability and uncertainty in currently available data.
Name: Jonathan J. Dreher
Company: The Boeing Company
Supervisor: Brian Burnikel, Quang Nguyen
Academic Advisors: Sarah Slaughter
Title: Environmental Technology: Financial Evaluation and Decision Making Processes
Boeing recognizes the serious challenges facing our eco-system and is committed to reducing the effect of its operations, products and services on the environment. Boeing’s greatest contribution to meeting the challenge is to pioneer new technologies for environmentally progressive products and services -- and to design, develop and build them in an environmentally responsible manner.
To help build on its legacy of environmental innovation and continually improve its environmental performance, Boeing is continuing to explore opportunities to improve the implementation rate for environmental technologies. The best of these opportunities involve creating a stronger business case for environmental technology by fully realizing the financial effects of environmental benefits. Additionally, aligning existing Boeing decision making and evaluation processes with the development of environmental technology will also improve the implementation rate.
The purpose of my internship and thesis research is to create a technology evaluation tool that will ensure the right technologies (the most impactful and likely to succeed) receive initial funding and are aligned with broader Boeing processes throughout the value chain. It will also present the "Technology Ready" technologies with more accurate and comprehensive financial data along with predicted environmental effects. This will lead to a higher level of implementation and result in better environmental performance across the enterprise.
To do so, data from across the company will be collected to determine a more comprehensive analysis of the most targeted environmental risks. This data set will include costs of training, disposal, potential future legislation, special protective equipment and many of the other costs associated with certain substances and materials. Using this data, a conversion factor can be calculated and used to more accurately reflect the financial effects of new environmental technologies.
With an initial framework complete, the next step is to study a specific opportunity area: chrome reduction. This test case will allow the framework to be applied to actual, specific scenarios as the final model is developed. Chrome reduction was picked because there are many projects in various stages of completion that will provide a diverse data set.Top
Name: David Follette
Company: Raytheon Missile Systems
Supervisors: Rich Mendez, Director of Facility Services and Real Estate Lang Lawrence, Sr. Energy Engineer
Academic Advisors: David Hardt and Sarah Slaughter
Title: Energy sub-metering and behavior change
Name: Calman Lankton
Company: ABB, Inc., Power Electronics Global Product Group, Turgi, Switzerland
Supervisor: Fabian Binswanger, Manager, Business Development, Power Electronics
Academic Advisors: John Kassakian and Jonathan Byrnes
Title: Smart Grid Technologies and Market Positioning
The Power Electronics Global Product Group is key supplier of power electronics technologies across numerous industries. With strong capabilities in power conversion (AC to DC, and vice versa), power quality (harmonic filtering, reactive power compensation), high power rectifiers (for high-current industrial applications such as aluminum production), and static excitation systems (for large motors and generators), they are well positioned in many mature markets.
Looking forward, it is apparent that power electronics technology will play an important role in the way we transmit, distribute, and use energy. One of the most obvious markets for advanced power electronics applications is in the emerging area of the SmartGrid.
The goal of this internship is threefold: 1) Provide a detailed definition of the SmartGrid landscape and identify areas where the Power Electronics group could play the biggest role; 2) Perform a high-level analysis of those key opportunities, including market positioning, market development, position within ABB, competitive challenges and dynamics; and 3) Make specific recommendations for the highest impact area(s). With these three goals met, the Power Electronics Global Products Group will have a strategy in place to enter this attractive market.
To date, goal 1) has been completed, with a SmartGrid technologies map created and key opportunities identified. The SmartGrid represents many things to many different people, but what it really captures is the merger of the electrical infrastructure with the information infrastructure, and will be most visible as a shift from a hierarchical to a network-based structure, where a multitude of small, distributed sources flow into the grid.
To identify the most attractive opportunities for the Power Electronics group, segments were evaluated using an adapted Segment Evaluation Matrix (SEM), utilizing a number of metrics to compare segment qualification, which determines if a segment is "operational", against segment attractiveness, which identifies if a particular segment fits a company’s objectives. Following the above approach, four segments were identified for further analysis: distributed generation, power quality, plug-in electric vehicle charging, and battery energy storage.
With these segments identified, the next steps of the project are to further analyze these opportunities as detailed above and provide specific go-to-market strategies for the greatest impact. This will require coordination on many organizational and technical levels, and has the potential to expose the Power Electronics group to a multitude of new markets.Top
Name: Michael Norelli
Company: Integrated Defense Systems, Raytheon
Supervisor: Steve Fugarazzo, Manager Facilities Engineering
Academic Advisors: Sarah Slaughter and Leon Glicksman
Title: Determining the most effective behavior change method to reduce the energy usage of manufacturing facility
The goal of this internship is to help the Raytheon’s Integrated Air Defense Center, a large manufacturing facility located in Andover, MA, reduce its energy usage. Rather than focusing on technology changes, such as purchasing more efficient chillers or replacing lighting, the internship is focused on behavior changes. More specifically, different behavior change methods will be implemented to engage employees in becoming more energy efficient in their manufacturing cells.
The goal of the thesis is to determine the effectiveness of each of the behavior change methods that are applied. Each method will be evaluated on its effectiveness to reduce energy usage, its ability to engage employees, and the investment required to execute. Below is a brief summary of the three primary behavior change methods that will be implemented and evaluated.
Name: Jeremy Stewart
Company: Raytheon Information & Intelligence Systems
Supervisor: Ken Whaley, Garland Energy Team Leader
Academic Advisors: Leon Glicksman and Sarah Slaughter
Title: Developing a Systematic Approach to Increase an Existing Building’s Energy Efficiency with an Emphasis on Data Centers, HVAC, and Lighting
The purpose of this internship is to develop a low-cost, systematic approach to increase the energy efficiency of existing buildings at Raytheon. The development of this process will be conducted via a pilot on a Raytheon IIS-representative pilot building on the IIS headquarters campus. The pilot building will be analyzed to understand the current state, and a systematic approach will be developed and utilized in order to create and prioritize a list of improvement opportunities. Agreed-upon energy efficiency solutions will be implemented as time and funding permits. Upon implementation, the resulting reduction in energy consumption will be measured and reported.
Three major areas - data centers, HVAC systems, and lighting – consume approximately 90% of the electricity in IIS, and thus are the focus of this project. For data centers, best practices from Raytheon data center experts and current industrial and governmental research will be combined in order to develop the improvement process. For HVAC systems, retrocommissioning techniques will be utilized to develop the improvement process. For lightning systems, current Raytheon best practices from various business units will be compiled in order to develop a standardized improvement process.
To ensure the process developed is thorough, the local utility – Garland Power and Light – will be asked to complete an energy audit and identify local contractors who can assist in the development and implementation of the process throughout the IIS headquarters campus.
In addition to technical evaluations, behavior modification techniques will be used to decrease the variable plug load that results from PCs, monitors, peripherals such as printers, fax machines, and non-essential lighting. The Raytheon Energy Citizen program and the Raytheon Energy Champion network will be utilized to develop and implement a design of experiments on various behavior modification techniques. The results of the non-technical techniques will be used to integrate behavior modification into the finalized low-cost, systematic approach to increase the energy efficiency of existing buildings at Raytheon IIS.
To date, the pilot building has been identified, and its energy consumption has been analyzed (see Diagrams 1 & 2). Raytheon data center experts have been engaged, and a list of best practices resulting from interviews, benchmarking data center tours, and industry white papers is in development. Representatives from Garland Power & Light visited the IIS headquarters campus on September 8th to conduct their initial energy audit; they are not working to identify teaming opportunities.
Diagram 1: Breakdown of daily energy consumption in pilot building, less the HVAC for cooling non-Data Center areas
Diagram 2: Process for developing systematic approach